Assistive Technology, Needs Assessment and Devices For Seniors and the Disabilities

Many senior residents or humans with disabilities or injuries make use of assistive era-gear, merchandise, or varieties of equipment that help human beings perform duties and sports. They can be as easy as a hearing aid, a walker, or a magnifying glass, or as complex as a pc or motor scooter.

More particularly, assistive technology or adaptive devices are offerings or contraptions that assist senior citizens or people with disabilities carry out the activities they used to perform however must now carry out otherwise. Anything that facilitates the elderly retain to do daily sports inside the context of in domestic care is taken into consideration assistive generation.

Assistive Technology Options and Devices

Many sorts of disabilities exist, so many varieties of assistive generation have been created to help human beings conquer a superb range of disabilities. Some sorts of assistive technology are defined beneath:

Adaptive switches. These are changed switches that senior citizens can use to alter gadgets like air conditioners, energy wheelchairs, and so forth. Via using the tongue or voice.
Communication device. This is whatever that helps a person ship and get hold of messages, which includes a phone amplifier.
Computer get admission to. This is unique software program that allows senior residents access the Internet or primary hardware like a changed mouse or keyboard to make the laptop greater user-friendly.
Education. This class includes audio books, Braille writing gear, and resources for human beings to get extra vocational education.
Home changes. This can consist of a few reworking to triumph over physical obstacles and live more simply. An instance is building a ramp to permit wheelchair get entry to.
Tools for independent residing. This is whatever that allows senior citizens to experience every day lifestyles without extra help. An example is a handicapped-on hand lavatory with take hold of bars inside the bath.
Job-associated objects. This is any process or device that enables your activity. This should include a special type of chair or pillow if you work at a table or a again brace if you carry out bodily exertions.
Mobility aids. This is any device that permits a senior citizen to move round greater easily, inclusive of a power wheelchair, a wheelchair carry, or a stair elevator.


Orthotic or prosthetic equipment. This is a tool that compensates for a missing or disabled frame element. This should include shoe inserts for a person with fallen arches or an synthetic arm for a person who has gone through an amputation.
Recreational assistance. This is a method or tool that enables human beings with disabilities to experience amusing activities. A couple examples are swimming lessons from recreational therapists and particularly made skis for senior residents who have lost a limb.


Seating aids. This is a change to a chair, wheelchair, or motor scooter that enables someone continue to be upright, circulate up and down without help, or decrease the quantity of stress at the pores and skin. This could be as simple as a further pillow or as complex as a motorized seat.
Sensory improvements. These are gadgets that help individuals who are partially blind or deaf to participate in extra activities. This could include a caption option on a television for a senior citizen who is tough of listening to.


Therapy. This should encompass system or tactics that inspire and paintings closer to recovery after an illness or damage. This may also contain each services and era, like having a physical therapist use a specialized massage unit to repair a greater entire variety of movement in stiff muscle groups.
Transportation help. This class includes gadgets for senior citizens that facilitate stepping into and out of automobiles and riding properly, consisting of adjustable mirrors, seats, and steerage wheels. Drive-up windows at the department of motor vehicles that permit the elderly to hold and sign in their motors are also covered.


Now which you realize what falls into the class of assistive generation, you may be questioning what the advantages are. For starters, many senior citizens view assistive technology as a way to stay independently without stressful about having long-term elder care or living in a nursing home. It lets in in home care to be performed in regions of living such as bathing and going to the rest room.

Studies show that the majority of senior residents who use methods of assistive technology have reduced their dependence on others, such as paid help. Families may additionally need to make month-to-month payments for this sort of equipment, but the costs are normally much less than the ones related to in domestic care or nursing homes. This approach that assistive generation can reduce the price of elder care for senior citizens and their families.

Assistive Technology Needs Assessment in the Elderly

Is assistive era right for you? Planning and assessment are essential elements of finding out whether or not to use assistive era on account that it can intrude together with your present day services or the way wherein those services are supplied.

This assessment is maximum thorough while it involves many humans within your spectrum of help. For example, if you have trouble communicating or are tough of listening to, you may wish to discuss with your physician, an audiology professional, a speech-language therapist, or other elder care provider to pick out your particular problem and determine the plan so as to nice cope with your wishes. If assistive era is part of this plan, your group can assist decide which devices are appropriate for you, deciding on the only equipment at the lowest fee. Training to apply the devices chosen can also be covered on your plan.

A case have a look at shows the benefits of engaging in a desires evaluation and running with a team in terms of improving the nice of lifestyles of an elderly lady:

A crew labored collectively to assist Christina discover and purchase a listening to resource that allowed her to hear nicely again. She should watch tv once more with the help of unique magnification device and a telecaption decoder. More assistive era allowed her to talk on the phone and use the computer like she used to. When blended with her hearing useful resource, assistive era improved the great and ease of Christina’s existence.

When you’re thinking about assistive era, it is helpful to examine both simple and complex solutions to find the only it truly is satisfactory for you over more than a few time. Complex, high-tech answers can be greater costly, but they are commonly more adaptable if your needs change over the years. Simple, low-tech solutions may be less expensive inside the short-run, however they are not as adaptable. Before shopping any expensive assistive era, make sure it could be upgraded to exchange together with your desires and upgraded as improvements are designed. Here are a few questions to ask while thinking about assistive generation:

Which tasks do you want help with, and how often do you want assist?
Which sorts of assistive generation will enable you to be maximum impartial?
Is there a more advanced device that addresses a couple of of your desires?
Does the producer have a preview coverage so that you can strive out the device and go back it for credit if it is not what you need?
How do you assume your needs to trade over the subsequent six months? The subsequent six years or longer?
Is the system up to date? Will it probably be off the market within the close to destiny?
Which varieties of assistive generation are available that meet your needs?
Which types of assistive technology have you ever used before, and the way did the ones gadgets work?
Will you usually want assist with a positive task, and may the device be adjusted to fit your needs as your situation changes?
Costs and Payment Options for Assistive Technology
Another critical thing of deciding whether or not you would like to apply assistive era is fee and financing. Currently, no unmarried private insurance plan or public software will cover the complete price of assistive technology below any occasions, but Medicare Part B can cowl as much as eighty percentage of the cost of gadget that falls below the class of “durable scientific gadget.” This consists of devices that are “broadly speaking and usually used to serve a clinical purpose, and usually are not useful to a person inside the absence of infection or damage.”

Some nation-run Medicaid packages also cover a few assistive technology. This may additionally assist you, however it will now not cover the whole price of buying an high priced device like a energy wheelchair.

If you’re a senior citizen who’s eligible for veterans’ benefits, you could also want to explore the possibility of economic help from the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA). This company has an current structure to pay for the huge volume of devices it purchases, and it invests in schooling human beings to perform assistive era.

Other options to pay for assistive generation are personal medical health insurance and paying together with your own budget. Paying out-of-pocket is typically a possible alternative for simple items like modified consuming utensils, but most senior citizens want help in paying for greater complicated devices. Another alternative is locating discounts, presents, or rebates from no longer-for-profit corporations or groups that want you to try a certain product which you won’t in any other case do not forget. If you’re looking into this feature, you may want to be cautious-agencies with commercial interests have the capability to be fraudulent.

Since private medical health insurance does not cover the complete cost of this equipment, you may want to look at subsidy applications, which could offer some forms of assistive technology at a reduced fee or totally free.

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